[1]汪源,宋晋东,李山有.2021年2月13日日本福岛Mj7.3级地震潜在破坏区快速估计[J].世界地震工程,2021,(02):090-97.
 WANG Yuan,SONG Jindong,LI Shanyou.Rapid estimation of potential damage zone for the Mj7.3 Fukushima earthquake in Japan on February 13, 2021[J].,2021,(02):090-97.
点击复制

2021年2月13日日本福岛Mj7.3级地震潜在破坏区快速估计
分享到:

《世界地震工程》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
期数:
2021年02期
页码:
090-97
栏目:
出版日期:
2021-04-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Rapid estimation of potential damage zone for the Mj7.3 Fukushima earthquake in Japan on February 13, 2021
作者:
汪源 宋晋东 李山有
中国地震局工程力学研究所, 中国地震局地震工程与工程振动重点实验室, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080
Author(s):
WANG Yuan SONG Jindong LI Shanyou
Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration; Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration of China Earthquake Administration, Harbin 150080,China
关键词:
潜在破坏区地震预警阈值预警警报级别
Keywords:
potential damage zoneearthquake early warningthreshold-based earthquake early warningalert level
分类号:
P315.3
摘要:
基于2021年2月13日日本福岛Mj7.3级地震加速度记录,离线模拟了阈值预警方法在此次地震中快速估计潜在破坏区的表现。结果显示,该方法能够在台站P波触发后3s就快速对台站及其周边区域进行地震破坏性判断,同时估计的潜在破坏区域也基本与美国地质调查局(USGS) ShakeMap震后实测VII度以上区域吻合,展示了该方法在此次地震中运用的可行性;然而该方法没有对处在震后实测VII度以上区域内的宫城县南部沿海以及福岛县小部分东北区域给出准确的潜在破坏区判断,这一估计偏差为该方法的适应性研究以及下一步优化提供了参考。
Abstract:
Based on the acceleration records of the Mj7.3 earthquake in Fukushima, Japan on February 13, 2021, this paper simulated the performance of the threshold-based earthquake early warning method in quickly estimating the potential damage area. The results show that this method can quickly determine the seismic destructiveness of the station and its surrounding area within 3s after the station’s P wave is triggered. Meanwhile, the estimated potential damage area is basically the same as the area that USGS ShakeMap MMI>VII, showing the feasibility of the method used in this earthquake; but this method fails to give an accurate judgement of the potential damage area for the coastal area of Miyagi and the northeastern region of Fukushima in the area that USGS ShakeMap MMI>VII, which provides a reference for the adaptive research and improvements of this method.

参考文献/References:

[1] 宋晋东, 余聪, 李山有. 2021. 地震预警现地PGV连续预测的最小二乘支持向量机模型. 地球物理学报, 64(2):555-568. SONG Jindong, YU Cong, LI Shanyou. Continuous prediction of onsite PGV for earthquake early warning based on least squares support vector machine[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2021,64(2):555-568. (in Chinese)
[2] HOSHIBA M, KAMIGAICHI O, SAITO M, et al. Earthquake early warning starts nationwide in Japan[N]. EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 2008, 89(8):73-80.
[3] ESPINOSA-ARANDA J M, JIMENEZ A, IBARROLA G, et al. Mexico city seismic alert system[J]. Seismological Research Letters, 1995, 66:42-52.
[4] HARTOG J R, KRESS V C, MALONE S D, et al. Earthquake Early Warning:ShakeAlert in the Pacific Northwest[J]. 2016, 106(4).1875-1886.
[5] PICOZZI M, ZOLLO A, BRONDI P, et al. Exploring the feasibility of a nationwide earthquake early warning system in Italy[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Solid Earth, 2015a, 120(4):2446-2465.
[6] 李山有. 走近地震预警[J]. 防灾博览, 2018, 99(2):16-25.
[7] WU Y M, HSIAO N C, CHIN T L, et al. 2014. Earthquake early warning system in Taiwan. In Encyclopedia of Earthquake Engineering, ed. M Beer, IA Kougioumtzoglou, E Patelli, S-K Au. Berlin:Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36197-5_99-1.
[8] KODERA Y, SAITOU J, HAYASHIMOTO N, et al. Earthquake early warning for the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake:performance evaluation of the current system and the next-generation methods of the Japan Meteorological Agency[J]. Earth, Planets and Space, 2016, 68:202.
[9] 马强. 地震预警技术研究及应用[D]. 哈尔滨:中国地震局工程力学研究所博士学位论文, 2008. MA Qiang. Study and Application on Earthquake Early Warning. Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration. 2008.(in Chinese)
[10] OLSON E L, ALLEN R M. The deterministic nature of earthquake rupture[J]. Nature, 2005, 438:212-215.
[11] IERVOLINO I, GIORGIO M, GALASSO C, et al. Uncertainty in early warning predictions of engineering ground motion parameters:What really matters?[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2009, 36(36):69-79.
[12] HOSHIBA M, OHTAKE K, IWAKIRI K, et al. How precisely can we anticipate seismic intensities? A study of uncertainty of anticipated seismic intensities for the Earthquake Early Warning method in Japan[J]. Earth, Planets and Space, 2010, 62(8):611-620.
[13] HOSHIBA M, IWAKIRI K, HAYASHIMOTO N, et al. Outline of the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake (Mw9.0) -Earthquake Early Warning and observed seismic intensity-[J]. Earth, Planets and Space, 2011, 63(7):547-551.
[14] KANAMORI H. Earthquake Hazard mitigation and real-time warnings of tsunamis and earthquakes[J]. Pure & Applied Geophysics, 2015, 172(9):2335-2341.
[15] WANG Y, LI S, SONG J. Threshold-based evolutionary magnitude estimation for an earthquake early warning system in the Sichuan-Yunnan region, China[J]. Scientific Reports, 10, 21055.
[16] WU Y M, KANAMORI H. Experiment on an onsite early warning method for the Taiwan early warning system[J]. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 2005a, 95(1):347-353.
[17] WU Y M, KANAMORI H. Rapid Assessment of damage potential of earthquakes in Taiwan from the beginning of P waves[J]. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 2005b, 95(95):1181-1185.
[18] ZOLLO A, AMOROSO O, LANCIERI M, et al. A threshold-based earthquake early warning using dense accelerometer networks[J]. GeophysicalJournal International, 2010, 183(2):963-974.
[19] COLOMBELLI S, AMOROSO O, ZOLLO A, et al. Test of a threshold-based earthquake early-warning method using Japanese data[J]. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 2012a, 102(3):1266-1275.
[20] National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Resilience (NIED). Strong-motion Seismograph Networks[DB/OL].[2021-03-14]. http://www.kyoshin.bosai.go.jp/.
[21] 马强,金星,李山有,等. 用于地震预警的P波震相到时自动拾取[J]. 地球物理学报,2013,56(7):2313-2321. MA Qiang, JIN Xing, LI Shanyou, et al.Automatic P-arrival Detection for Earthquake Early Warning[J]. Chinese Journal of Geophysics, 2013, 56(7):2313-2321.(in Chinese)
[22] NAKAMURA Y. On the urgent earthquake detection and alarm system (UrEDAS)[C]//Proceedings of 9th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 1988, Vol.VII:673-678.
[23] KANAMORI H. Real-time seismology and earthquake damage mitigation[J]. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, 2005, 33:195-214.
[24] WU Y M, KANAMORI H, ALLEN R M, et al. Determination of earthquake early warning parameters, τc and Pd, for southern California[J]. Geophysical Journal International, 2007, 170:711-717.
[25] WU Y M, KANAMORI H. Exploring the feasibility of on-site earthquake early warning using close-in records of the 2007 Noto Hanto earthquake[J]. Earth, Planets and Space, 2008, 60:155-160.
[26] HSIAO N C, WU Y M, SHIN T C, et al. Development of earthquake early warning system in Taiwan[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2009, 36(5).
[27] WEBER E et al. Development and Testing of an Advanced Monitoring Infrastructure (ISNet) for Seismic Early-warning Applications in the Campania Region of Southern Italy. In:Gasparini P, Manfredi G, Zschau J (eds) Earthquake Early Warning Systems. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007, 325-341.
[28] WU Y M, ZHAO L. Magnitude estimation using the first three seconds P-wave amplitude in earthquake early warning[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2006, 33(16).
[29] WALD DJ, QUITORIANO V, HEATON TH, et al. Relationships between peak ground acceleration, peak ground velocity and modified Mercalli intensity in California[J]. Earthquake Spectra, 1999, 15, 557-564.
[30] SHABESTARI KT, YAMAZAKI F. A Proposal of Instrumental Seismic Intensity Scale Compatible with MMI Evaluated from Three-Component Acceleration Records[J]. Earthquake Spectra, 2001, 17(4):711-723.
[31] COLOMBELLI S, ZOLLO A, FESTA G, et al. Early magnitude and potential damage zone estimates for the great Mw 9 Tohoku-Oki earthquake[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2012b, 39(22).
[32] CARRANZA M, BUFORN E, Colombelli S, et al. Earthquake early warning for southern Iberia:A P wave threshold-based approach[J]. Geophysical Research Letters, 2013, 40(17):4588-4593.
[33] PICOZZI M, COLOMBELLI S, ZOLLO A, et al. A Threshold-Based Earthquake Early-Warning System for Offshore Events in Southern Iberia[J]. Pure & Applied Geophysics, 2015b, 172(9):2467-2480.
[34] PENG C, YANG J, CHEN Y, et al. Application of a threshold-based earthquake early warning method to the Mw 6.6 Lushan earthquake, Sichuan, China[J]. Seismological Research Letters, 2015, 86(3):841-847.
[35] 宋晋东, 李山有, 汪源, 等. 基于阈值的地震预警方法在2016年8月24日意大利Mw6.2地震中的应用[J]. 地震工程与工程振动, 2017, 37(6):1-8. SONG Jindong, LI Shanyou, WANG Yuan, et al. Application of a threshold-based earthquake early warning to Italy Mw6.2 earthquake on August 24, 2016[J]. Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics, 2017, 37(6):1-8. (in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]孙利,钟红,林皋.高速铁路地震预警系统现状综述[J].世界地震工程,2011,(03):089.
 SUN Li,ZHONG Hong,LIN Gao.An overview of earthquake early warning systems for high speed railways and its application to Beijing-Shanghai high speed railway[J].,2011,(02):089.
[2]李纪恩,李一行,陈平.日本地震预警信息发布法律制度与实践[J].世界地震工程,2013,(03):041.
 LI Jien,LI Yihang,CHEN Ping.Legal system and practice of Japan earthquake early warning information release[J].,2013,(02):041.
[3]佘天莉,高峰,马树林.地震预警仪器研究[J].世界地震工程,2014,(04):129.
 SHE Tianli,GAO Feng,MA Shulin.Study on instruments of earthquake early warning[J].,2014,(02):129.
[4]李纪恩,贾鹏民.地震预警信息发布与传播立法若干问题探析[J].世界地震工程,2017,33(02):001.
 LI Jien,JIA Pengmin.Analysis of the legislative issues about earthquake early warning information release and dissemination[J].,2017,33(02):001.
[5]李鸿杰,曾鹏毅,黄道兴,等.一种基于位移源谱的地震预警快速震级估算方法及影响因素研究[J].世界地震工程,2017,33(04):187.
 LI Hongjie,ZENG Pengyi,HUANG Daoxing,et al.Evaluation for influence factors of a rapidly estimating earthquake magnitude algorithm for EEW: displacement source spectrum method[J].,2017,33(02):187.
[6]李鸿杰,张建经,陈逸民,等.基于2014年云南地区地震的地震预警参数与快速震级估算研究[J].世界地震工程,2018,34(02):123.
 LI Hongjie,ZHANG Jianjing,CHEN Yimin,et al.Research on earthquake early warning parameters and rapid magnitude estimation based events in Yunnan region in 2014[J].,2018,34(02):123.
[7]卢建旗,李山有.地震预警断层参数实时识别方法(FinDer)详解及其性能初步评价[J].世界地震工程,2021,(01):152.
 LU Jianqi,LI Shanyou.Detailed analysis and preliminary performance evaluation of the FinDer:A real-time finite fault rupture detector for earthquake early warning[J].,2021,(02):152.
[8]朱景宝,宋晋东,李山有.基于支持向量机的2021年2月13日日本福岛近海Mj7.3级地震震级估算[J].世界地震工程,2021,(02):074.
 ZHU Jingbao,SONG Jindong,LI Shanyou.Magnitude estimation for the February 13, 2021 Mj7.3 earthquake near the coast of Fukushima Japan based on support vector machine[J].,2021,(02):074.
[9]杨黎薇,邱志刚.自动捡拾P波到时综合方法的选取与探讨[J].世界地震工程,2021,(02):098.
 YANG Liwei,QIU Zhigang.Discussion on the synthetic method of automatically picking up of P wave[J].,2021,(02):098.
[10]朱景宝,何斌,李山有,等.2021年5月21日云南漾濞地震及5月22日青海玛多地震的支持向量机震级估算[J].世界地震工程,2021,(03):065.
 ZHU Jingbao,HE Bin,LI Shanyou,et al.Magnitude estimation via support vector machine for the earthquakes occur in Yangbi, Yunnan on May 21, 2021 and in Maduo, Qinghai on May 22, 2021[J].,2021,(02):065.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2021-03-15;改回日期:2021-03-28。
基金项目:国家重点研发计划课题(2018YFC1504003);国家自然科学基金项目(51408564)
作者简介:汪源(1992-),男,博士研究生,主要从事地震预警及烈度速报技术研究.E-mail:434585644@qq.com
通讯作者:李山有(1965-),男,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事地震预警研究.E-mail:lishanyou@126.com
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01